5 Most Contagious Diseases

6 Sep 2010

Infectious disease is a disease that was partly responsible for high mortality in the world. Communicable diseases are diseases caused by microorganisms, both bacteria, viruses, or fungi, which can be transmitted from one patient to healthy people, causing pain as a source of transmission.

The best way to combat infectious diseases is to avoid it, ie, through immunization or maintain fitness in order to increase body resistance. In general, there are several types of the most contagious diseases.

Tuberculosis

Like the flu, germs of tuberculosis (TB) spreads through the air during coughing, sneezing, or spitting. Socially, people with TB connotations as “dangerous” because of contagious disease to others that are excommunicated from their environment.

TB patients in Indonesia the third highest in the world after India and China. TB symptoms include a cough with phlegm, fever, sputum mixed with blood, body weight decreased drastically, chest pain, shortness of breath, and sweating at night. However, if patients take the drug and routine discipline went to the doctor, the disease will be cured of TB.

Hepatitis

In Indonesia, which are commonly found type of hepatitis is hepatitis A, B, and C. Hepatitis A is lighter than most other types of hepatitis and is today also the existing vaccine. Transmission occurs through contaminated food or drink feces of patients, such as eating fruits and vegetables are not cooked or drinks with ice cubes that the process is contaminated.

Hepatitis B and C viruses are transmitted through blood and infected body fluids, including blood transfusions, sex, tattoos, piercing, and injection. To prevent infection, avoid using tools that can be contaminated with blood, such as razors, toothbrushes, syringes, tattoo or piercing instruments; do safe sex, such as condoms, as well as hepatitis B immunization

Malaria

Malaria is an infectious disease caused by plasmodium parasites that live in human red blood cells and malaria transmitted by mosquito, Anopheles. This parasitic disease is still a plague in some areas in Indonesia.

Unlike the mosquito causes dengue fever, malaria spreading mosquitoes breed in puddles of natural water, such as around the river, wetland, moor, and forests, including in the former areas of flood inundation. The disease is easily recognizable from feverish symptoms (hot and cold and shivering) and prolonged fever.

Chickenpox

Almost everyone has had chickenpox as a child. This is because the varicella virus causes chickenpox zooster including the most easily transmitted from person to person. The virus can also cause herpes. Although incurable, do not sepelekan disease that has been known for hundreds of years this person since it can cause complications of the disease. Former bubble containing liquid could leave a disturbing pockmarked appearance.

Chickenpox transmission occurs through saliva of the sick or splashing through the liquid that comes out when the bubbles burst in the skin. Patients can transmit this disease in the 24 hours prior to skin disorders arising up to seven days later. Since it is very easily spread, patients should be isolated until cured.

Influenza

It seemed almost every man on earth very familiar with the disease is most contagious. Influenza virus can move easily from one person to another, just as we move from one site to another. Transmission occurs due to direct contact, such as sneezing and coughing, or indirect transmission such as touching a contaminated doorknob virus.

Most influenza viruses cause mild symptoms such as muscle aches, cough, clean, fever, headache, fatigue and nasal congestion. However, there are also symptoms of influenza can be deadly, like the Spanish flu that killed more than 40 million people worldwide between 1918 and 1920. What to watch out for is, until the current flu virus continues to mutate and cause various diseases, such as bird flu or swine flu.


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